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  • Is China Systematically Buying Up German Key Technologies?

  • How 3D Printing Technology Could Change World Trade

  • GED Explains: Import Tariffs vs. Import Quotas

  • Merkel and Trump Talking Trade

  • Consequences of Punitive Tariffs

Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko

A Safety Net to Foster Support for Trade and Globalisation
International Survey of Attitudes towards Trade and Globalisation 2018


Given the rise of protectionist reflexes and a world on the brink of trade war, a survey by the Bertelsmann Stiftung of attitudes towards trade and globalisation gauges the temperature among people in twelve developed and emerging economies. It finds that attitudes are generally positive but that some negative side effects worry the respondents. More ...

Euro Symbol outside ECB. MPD01605 @Flickr.com Euro Symbol outside ECB. MPD01605 @Flickr.com

GED Explains: Target Balances and Trade Imbalances
What do the sharp rises in target balances mean and how did this happen?


  The Target system is a payment system that clears payments within the Eurosystem (European Central Bank and national central banks). The balances of the national central banks connected to this payment system were more or less zero in the early years. However, there have been sharp rises in Target balances since the financial and […] More ...

Getty Images/iStockphoto/imaginima Getty Images/iStockphoto/imaginima

GED Webinar: Boosting Digital Services Trade – Potentials and Obstacles
A discussion of the latest GED study with Erik van der Marel and Philipp Lamprecht of ECIPE


  Thank you for joining us on Tuesday, 6 March 2018 for a discussion of the latest GED study with Erik van der Marel and Philipp Lamprecht of ECIPE and Christian Bluth of the GED Team. The interactive online session provided a short overview over the key findings of the study and the following issues: Why does digital trade in services matter? […] More ...

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Should the EU Intervene?
Europa Briefing: Imbalances


Imbalances are a recurring problem in the EU. Especially differences in trade balances dominate the debate. Germany, for instance, has been generating very high surpluses for years and meets serious criticism for this reason. This briefing examines whether imbalances pose a threat to the EU and what role the euro plays in this. More ...

currency union

An Emergency Exit for the Currency Union?
Europa Briefing: Leaving the euro


Up to now, the European Treaties provide no option for leaving the euro. While this protects the currency from speculative attacks, the lack of an exit option also constrains the room for political manoeuvre in times of crisis. This briefing looks at why the euro was designed as a one-way-street, examines the potential consequences if an exit option was introduced and provides alternative scenarios to a full-blown exit. More ...

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Stacks of shipping containers in the Port of Barcelona Igor Ovsyannykov @Unsplash.com

Consequences of Punitive Tariffs
What Does History Tell Us?


The historical examples show: politicians and bureaucrats initially find trade barriers to be a suitable means of protecting the domestic economy or certain sectors from foreign competition. However, the economy as a whole suffers over the long term. This also applies to the protected sectors: The necessary adjustments are not made there so international competitiveness continually declines. Compounding the problem, countermeasures adopted by the affected trading partners, cause additional damage to the domestic economy. More ...

Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko

A Safety Net to Foster Support for Trade and Globalisation
International Survey of Attitudes towards Trade and Globalisation 2018


Given the rise of protectionist reflexes and a world on the brink of trade war, a survey by the Bertelsmann Stiftung of attitudes towards trade and globalisation gauges the temperature among people in twelve developed and emerging economies. It finds that attitudes are generally positive but that some negative side effects worry the respondents. More ...

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The Crossroads: Argentina


The Crossroads is a new video series from the GED team that focuses on decisive moments for different economies. In our first episode we take a look at Argentina, a country facing turbulent economic conditions and an ongoing debt crisis just as it prepares for crucial presidential elections in October 2015. More ...

Montage: Shutterstock/tolotola; Getty Images/iStockphoto/Sebastian Hamm Montage: Shutterstock/tolotola; Getty Images/iStockphoto/Sebastian Hamm

Chinese Direct Investment in Germany
Chance and Challenge


Over the last years China has steadily increased their investments into countries outside of Asia, often being greeted with mixed feelings by other countries. Our study has analyzed Chinese foreign direct investment over recent years in Germany and reached mixed conclusions. More ...

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The Divisive Powers of the Digital and the Global


The GED team has been trying hard to get their heads around the effects of digitalization and globalization. We have been trying to trace how these interesting bedfellows have worked hard to drag down equality in the developed world. More ...

Engineer hand using tablet, heavy automation robot arm machine zapp2photo - stock.adobe.com

Is China Systematically Buying Up German Key Technologies?
An Analysis of Chinese Acquisitions in Germany in the Context of “Made in China 2025”


Foreign direct investment (FDI) can have positive effects, such as job creation, on the host country’s economy. However, the surge in Chinese M&A transactions in Germany has recently aroused suspicion. What is behind the increased interest in "Made in Germany"? And in which sectors do investors from China invest most frequently? More ...