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  • The Anatomy of the U.S. Balance of Trade

  • Globalization Report 2018: What about the NAFTA Countries?

  • Globalization Report 2018: What about the BRICS countries?

  • Globalization Report 2018: Who Benefits Most from Globalization?

  • Economic Globalization: Time to Make It More Inclusive

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Is China Systematically Buying Up German Key Technologies?
An Analysis of Chinese Acquisitions in Germany in the Context of “Made in China 2025”


Foreign direct investment (FDI) can have positive effects, such as job creation, on the host country’s economy. However, the surge in Chinese M&A transactions in Germany has recently aroused suspicion. What is behind the increased interest in "Made in Germany"? And in which sectors do investors from China invest most frequently? More ...

Donald Trump Donald Trump, Gage Skidmore @Flickr.com

GED Explains: Import Tariffs vs. Import Quotas
Why Import Quotas have the Same Effects as Tariffs on Imports


The US government has postponed the introduction of punitive tariffs on European products such as steel and aluminium for the time being. But instead, they are now considering restricting the volume of exports from Europe through an import quota. In general, such import quotas have the same effects as tariffs on imports, leading to higher […] More ...

President Donald Trump meets with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the Oval Office, Friday, March 17, 2017. (Official White House Photo by Shealah Craighead @Flickr.com) President Donald Trump meets with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the Oval Office, Friday, March 17, 2017. (Official White House Photo by Shealah Craighead @Flickr.com)

Merkel and Trump Talking Trade
What the People Think


On Friday April 27th, Chancellor Merkel is travelling to Washington DC to meet President Trump. Trade is among the most important issues the two leaders are going to discuss. A recent survey by Bertelsmann Stiftung gauges the temperature amongst the people in the US, Germany and ten other nations. More ...

Stacks of shipping containers in the Port of Barcelona Igor Ovsyannykov @Unsplash.com

Consequences of Punitive Tariffs
What Does History Tell Us?


The historical examples show: politicians and bureaucrats initially find trade barriers to be a suitable means of protecting the domestic economy or certain sectors from foreign competition. However, the economy as a whole suffers over the long term. This also applies to the protected sectors: The necessary adjustments are not made there so international competitiveness continually declines. Compounding the problem, countermeasures adopted by the affected trading partners, cause additional damage to the domestic economy. More ...

Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko

A Safety Net to Foster Support for Trade and Globalisation
International Survey of Attitudes towards Trade and Globalisation 2018


Given the rise of protectionist reflexes and a world on the brink of trade war, a survey by the Bertelsmann Stiftung of attitudes towards trade and globalisation gauges the temperature among people in twelve developed and emerging economies. It finds that attitudes are generally positive but that some negative side effects worry the respondents. More ...

Euro Symbol outside ECB. MPD01605 @Flickr.com Euro Symbol outside ECB. MPD01605 @Flickr.com

GED Explains: Target Balances and Trade Imbalances
What do the sharp rises in target balances mean and how did this happen?


  The Target system is a payment system that clears payments within the Eurosystem (European Central Bank and national central banks). The balances of the national central banks connected to this payment system were more or less zero in the early years. However, there have been sharp rises in Target balances since the financial and […] More ...

Getty Images/iStockphoto/imaginima Getty Images/iStockphoto/imaginima

GED Webinar: Boosting Digital Services Trade – Potentials and Obstacles
A discussion of the latest GED study with Erik van der Marel and Philipp Lamprecht of ECIPE


  Thank you for joining us on Tuesday, 6 March 2018 for a discussion of the latest GED study with Erik van der Marel and Philipp Lamprecht of ECIPE and Christian Bluth of the GED Team. The interactive online session provided a short overview over the key findings of the study and the following issues: Why does digital trade in services matter? […] More ...

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Globalization Report 2018: What about the NAFTA Countries?
Interconnectedness of the three countries beyond the FIFA World Cup 2026


The FIFA World Cup 2026 will take place in the three member states of the North-American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) – Mexica, Canada and the United States. This was officially announced today (June 13th, 2018). This huge event will certainly enhance the international interconnectedness of the three countries not only in the fields of sports, but also in many other areas. We take this as an occasion to look at the level of globalization the three NAFTA members have reached already and how much they have benefitted so far from increasing international interconnectedness. We base this analysis on our „Globalization Report 2018“ which we published last week (June 8th, 2018). More ...

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Globalization Report 2018: Who Benefits Most from Globalization?
For the 3rd time in a row – industrialized countries are biggest winners in globalization


The main question in the “Globalization Report 2018” is: What impact did the increase in globalization between 1990 and 2016 have on real – i.e. inflation-adjusted – GDP per capita in the 42 countries analyzed. This indicator was chosen because it is more meaningful for the prosperity of citizens than the GDP of the economy as a whole. More ...

Engineer hand using tablet, heavy automation robot arm machine zapp2photo - stock.adobe.com

Is China Systematically Buying Up German Key Technologies?
An Analysis of Chinese Acquisitions in Germany in the Context of “Made in China 2025”


Foreign direct investment (FDI) can have positive effects, such as job creation, on the host country’s economy. However, the surge in Chinese M&A transactions in Germany has recently aroused suspicion. What is behind the increased interest in "Made in Germany"? And in which sectors do investors from China invest most frequently? More ...

My Life Graphic / Shutterstock Images My Life Graphic / Shutterstock Images

Globalization Report 2018: What about the BRICS countries?
Why are they not the main profiteers?


In terms of real gross domestic product (GDP) per capital, industrialized economies are the biggest winners of increasing globalization. Why are the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) , some of which are regarded as the engines of globalization, not the main profiteers? This is the question we are looking into in this blog post. More ...

Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko Shutterstock / Olga Danylenko

A Safety Net to Foster Support for Trade and Globalisation
International Survey of Attitudes towards Trade and Globalisation 2018


Given the rise of protectionist reflexes and a world on the brink of trade war, a survey by the Bertelsmann Stiftung of attitudes towards trade and globalisation gauges the temperature among people in twelve developed and emerging economies. It finds that attitudes are generally positive but that some negative side effects worry the respondents. More ...

Unbenannt2

The Crossroads: Argentina


The Crossroads is a new video series from the GED team that focuses on decisive moments for different economies. In our first episode we take a look at Argentina, a country facing turbulent economic conditions and an ongoing debt crisis just as it prepares for crucial presidential elections in October 2015. More ...

Photo by Vladislav Klapin on Unsplash Photo by Vladislav Klapin on Unsplash

Economic Globalization: Time to Make It More Inclusive
Compensating economic losers is a key challenge for future global economic development.


As in the previous reports, we can show that globalization and international trade have positive impacts on economic growth in the participating economies. At the same time, this does not imply that every single person or region benefits. Compensating the economic losers from globalization and international trade is a key challenge for the future global economic development. More ...

Montage: Shutterstock/tolotola; Getty Images/iStockphoto/Sebastian Hamm Montage: Shutterstock/tolotola; Getty Images/iStockphoto/Sebastian Hamm

Chinese Direct Investment in Germany
Chance and Challenge


Over the last years China has steadily increased their investments into countries outside of Asia, often being greeted with mixed feelings by other countries. Our study has analyzed Chinese foreign direct investment over recent years in Germany and reached mixed conclusions. More ...